Log In / Join Now

Ask Dr. Vinny

Do you have a question for Dr. Vinny? Ask it here...

Dear Dr. Vinny,

Wine enthusiasts understand the need for proper storage conditions to prevent accelerated aging or cooked wines. Given this fact, to what extent are our investments affected by shipping conditions, especially wines imported from as far away as Australia? What measures do importers take to protect the wine from temperature changes? Your comments are much appreciated. Thank you.

—Sai C., Forest Hills, N.Y.

Dear Sai,

I checked with an importer I trust, Brian Larky, who owns a Napa-based Italian import company called Dalla Terra, and this is what he said:

"The conditions that wines are shipped in are controlled by the importer ... the bottom line is that some importers choose to pay for refrigerated containers, others do not. We always do.

"The container temperature is selected by the importer, so 55 degrees [F] is realistic. These containers have big chillers mounted on them with independently running coolant engines that can go for up to 60 days unattended.

"To confirm that the correct temperature has been maintained, a paper tape is run and delivered to us upon landing. This tape tracks the temperature so you can see what the temperature was at any given time and if indeed it stayed set at the requested temperature.

"Humidity is not controlled, but usually isn't a problem, as there seems to be plenty of humidity near the ocean. When they hit land, the containers clear customs and often remain sealed until they arrive at the importer's warehouse facility—going straight into another [temperature-]controlled environment."

Brian emphasized that the onus is on the importer, not the producer, to make sure the wine is shipped in temperature-controlled containers. He says that the added cost of these containers to an importer is about $1 per case of wine.

—Dr. Vinny

Wine Basics

We break down the basics—how to taste, serve, store and more. Plus:
» Maps of major wine regions
» Grape variety characteristics

How-to Videos

Learn to taste wine like a pro, pull a cork with flair, get great wine service in a restaurant and more

Wine Spectator School: All courses are FREE for WineSpectator.com Members

Learn from the experts and get the most out of each sip. Take one of our online courses or take them all—from the ABCs of Tasting to in-depth seminars on Food Pairing, California Cabernet, Bordeaux, Tuscany, Sensory Evaluation and more.

Browse our course catalog
Check out the professional wine sales and service courses
Learn Wine Forum: Got questions? Get answers

WineRatings+ app: Download now for 340,000+ ratings.