Why are Bordeaux wines called "claret"?

Ask Dr Vinny

Hello there! I'm Dr. Vinifera, but you can call me Vinny. Ask me your toughest wine questions, from the fine points of etiquette to the science of winemaking. And don't worry, I'm no wine snob—you can also ask me those "dumb questions" you're too embarrased to ask your wine geek friends! I hope you find my answers educational, empowering and even amusing. And don't forget to check out my most asked questions and my full archives for all my Q&A classics.

Dear Dr. Vinny,

What is the origin of the Brits’ traditional nickname for Bordeaux wines as “claret”? There is a French white grape named Clairette, a Rhône varietal. Is that a coincidence, or is there a connection there?

—Doug B., Clifton, Va.

Dear Doug,

Before “claret” was the nickname for Bordeaux wines, it meant “clear,” “pale” or “light-colored” wine (“claret” being derived from the Latin word for “clear”). This is back in the 14th and 15th centuries, when wines from Bordeaux were actually paler, almost like rosés. In the late Middle Ages, “claret” also referred to a heated wine poured over a bag of spices.

The first known references to “claret” as dark red Bordeaux wines were in the 1700s by the British trade. History buffs will recall that France and England were at war during this period, and it was right around then that the English started seeking out Portuguese wines to satisfy their thirst.

These days “claret” is used as a generic way to refer to Bordeaux wines (or wines styled after Bordeaux) and the associated dark red color that’s also used to describe anything from nail polish to yarn.

I couldn’t find a direct connection between “claret” and the Clairette grape, but perhaps Clairette—a white wine grape—is also related to the Middle French and Latin variations of “clear” or “light-colored” wine.

—Dr. Vinny

France Bordeaux Ask Dr. Vinny

More In Dr. Vinny

I had a red wine with a head of foam. What's that about?!

Wine Spectator's expert Dr. Vinny tries to explain the mystery of the foaming bottle of …

Dec 13, 2019

Does cheap wine taste better if it's aerated?

Wine Spectator's expert Dr. Vinny explains what exposing wine to oxygen does and does not …

Dec 11, 2019

What's the difference between premier and grand cru Burgundy?

Wine Spectator's expert Dr. Vinny explains the centuries-old classification systems of …

Dec 9, 2019

Is it true that great vintages for Bordeaux reds are not so good for the whites, and vice-versa? If so, why?

Wine Spectator's expert Dr. Vinny explains white and red grapes ripen at different times, …

Dec 6, 2019

I see reviews for highly scored wines that are not ready to drink. How can a wine that's not ready score so highly?

Wine Spectator's expert Dr. Vinny explains the philosophy behind our drinking window …

Dec 4, 2019

I have a hard time describing the types of wines I enjoy. Any tips?

Wine Spectator's expert Dr. Vinny offers strategies for communicating what types of wines …

Dec 2, 2019
WineRatings+

WineRatings+

Xvalues

Xvalues

Restaurant Search

Restaurant Search