What's the difference between Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon?

Ask Dr Vinny

Hello there! I'm Dr. Vinifera, but you can call me Vinny. Ask me your toughest wine questions, from the fine points of etiquette to the science of winemaking. And don't worry, I'm no wine snob—you can also ask me those "dumb questions" you're too embarrased to ask your wine geek friends! I hope you find my answers educational, empowering and even amusing. And don't forget to check out my most asked questions and my full archives for all my Q&A classics.

Dear Dr. Vinny,

My wife and I are just getting into the wine life, and we were wondering if you could explain in simplest terms what is the difference between a Merlot and a Cabernet Sauvignon. I understand they are made from different grapes. Is that the main difference? Thanks much.

—D.J., Lincoln, Neb.

Dear D.J.,

You're correct that Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon are different grapes. They are both red grapes, but they—and the wines made from them—have different personalities. One thing they have in common, though: They're both major grapes from the Bordeaux region of France. They are often blended together (sometimes with additional grapes) because while they can stand alone, they can also complement each other. Like peanut butter and jelly, or Sonny and Cher.

In general, Merlot is softer and more supple than Cabernet Sauvignon. The best examples balance lovely herb, cherry and chocolate flavors. Cabernet Sauvignon has a bit more backbone and tannic strength than Merlot. Cabernet Sauvignon is admired for its intensity and classic flavors of currant, plum and spice, and it can also have distinguishing herb, olive, tobacco, cedar and anise notes, among others.

—Dr. Vinny

Red Wines Cabernet Sauvignon Merlot Ask Dr. Vinny

More In Dr. Vinny

Should every wine on a restaurant wine list be available?

Wine Spectator's expert Dr. Vinny advises patience as the restaurant industry recovers from …

Jul 26, 2021

Will ice cubes made from alkaline water change the flavor of white wine?

Wine Spectator's expert Dr. Vinny explains how an ice cube can change the taste of wine in …

Jul 19, 2021

What's the proper way to pour wine?

Wine Spectator's expert Dr. Vinny offers pro tips for wine service.

Jul 12, 2021

Where can I find recommendations for inexpensive wines that are ready to drink now?

Wine Spectator's resident wine expert, Dr. Vinny, says that just because a wine CAN age for …

Jul 6, 2021

What’s the difference between white Bordeaux and white Burgundy?

Wine Spectator's expert Dr. Vinny explains which grapes are grown in two of France's most …

Jun 28, 2021

What does it mean to say a wine is “dry”? And which wines are driest?

Wine Spectator's resident wine expert, Dr. Vinny, explains a commonly misunderstood wine …

Jun 21, 2021