What is the word for crushing or pressing grapes by foot?

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Dear Dr. Vinny,

What is the word for crushing or pressing grapes by foot?

—Marcus E., Woollahra, Australia

Dear Marcus,

I mostly hear this referred to as “grape stomping” but, depending on the context, other terms such as “crush” and “foot trodding” can be used. There’s also a French term, pigéage à pied (or "punch-down by foot"), which refers to breaking the fermentation cap and submerging it to extract color, tannins, flavor and aromas from the grape solids.

—Dr. Vinny

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