Oysters with Grüner Veltliner

Briny, butter-roasted oysters make for a cozy winter snack alongside a minerally, herbal white

Oysters with Grüner Veltliner
These flavorful oysters are topped with a zesty, rich compound butter. (Lucy Schaeffer)
From the Feb 29, 2020, issue

The Port of Houston is one of the nation’s largest, second in volume only to that of southern Louisiana. Along with the freight that passes through Houston’s docks, myriad cultures have filtered into the city. This diversity is on vivid display in the local food scene, where, alongside Tex-Mex, barbecue and steak, there are options for Vietnamese pho; kolaches, the Tex-Czech filled bread specialty; Cajun po’ boys; Mexican tamales; and Bavarian sausage. 

In 2015, when restaurateur Ford Fry pitched chef Bobby Matos on his idea of opening a neighborhood spot that would showcase many of the city’s cuisines on the same seasonal menu, “I thought he was high,” Matos says. Yet five years on, State of Grace is serving happy customers a steady diet of gumbo, cacio e pepe, Oaxacan queso, Spanish grilled octopus, German schnitzel and Nashville hot chicken. 

Is there a common thread tying together this culinary patchwork? To Matos, the sense of freedom that State of Grace inspires might be that unifier: “Maybe it’s the choices that hold it together,” he reflects. Recently, a couple came in and ordered a cheese enchilada and 2 ounces of caviar. “That’s the weirdest combination I’ve ever heard of,” he says. “But whatever makes you happy, you know?” 

As a chef, Matos enjoys putting “a little intrigue into something that’s really quite simple.” That approach is on vibrant display in the wintry roasted oyster dish shown here. The Japanese seasonings togarashi (a dried chile blend) and furikake (dried fish flakes and seaweed) are spun into butter along with Parmesan, garlic, parsley, lemon zest and sea salt. Oysters on the half shell are topped with the butter, then cooked until it is melted and bubbling. 

“I think there’s a lot of potential in playing on those aromatics,” observes general manager Matt Crawford, who pairs the dish with a Grüner Veltliner from the restaurant’s list, which holds a Wine Spectator Award of Excellence. His choice, Knoll’s Loibenberg cuvée, bears the Wachau region’s highest of three quality designations, smaragd, which uses the ripest grapes available. 

Though the grapes are vinified dry, their ripeness imbues the wine with a measure of depth that’s just right for these oysters, Crawford says. “[There’s] lots of richness, tons of flavor and intensity encapsulated in each one of these shells,” he notes. “You need a wine that’s not going to just limp into that, that can stand up to it, that really plays on those green herbaceous aromatics and savory components.”

Portrait of chef Bobby Matos
Bobby Matos incorporates global flavors into his seasonal menu at State of Grace. (Julie Soefer Photography)

Chef’s Notes

Oysters are at their plumpest and sweetest during the cooler months, and this roasted, buttery, citrusy preparation makes for a lip-smacking appetizer in cold weather. Read on for Matos’ tips on how to make these shellfish shine.

  • To shuck or not to shuck? The trickiest part of this recipe is shucking oysters—a skill that takes practice. It’s ideal to keep your oysters unshucked until right before you prepare and serve them, which ensures that they stay fresh and protected from bacteria. But if you’re new to oyster-shucking and don’t want to bother, “Skip the shucking part,” Matos says. Most fishmongers will be happy to do the work for you and pack the shucked oysters on ice. Just be sure to transport them carefully so as not to lose the liquor inside the shells (which, aside from being tasty, keeps the oysters moist and fresh), and prepare them right when you get home.

  • Buy Gulf Coast oysters if you can. Be mindful of the provenance of your oysters. Matos recommends ones from the Gulf Coast for this recipe. Compared to West Coast and East Coast varieties, Gulf oysters, which are large, mild and thick-shelled, are arguably the best for roasting. “The thicker shell helps to retain that heat when you’re cooking them,” Matos explains, “and they don’t get real brittle when you cook them like the East Coast ones do, and the meat’s a lot firmer, and there’s just more meat in it.” The larger oyster meat is more resistant to drying out in the oven (though you’ll still want to keep a close eye on it). The thicker shell, in addition to retaining heat, is more forgiving when it comes to shucking than the thinner shells of other varieties. “East Coast oysters are so brittle, you’re pressing so hard, you’ll blow the back of them out,” Matos warns, whereas with Gulf oysters, “the hinges are usually much larger, so they’re easier to get into.”

  • Shuck wisely. It can take a few tries to get the hang of shucking oysters, but Matos sees a lot of people making it more difficult than it needs to be. “Most people are wanting to press so hard on the oyster that they’re pushing that shell down and making it harder to shuck,” he says. Rather than preparing to crush your oysters open with sheer brute force, start by setting the stage. First make sure you have a sturdy oyster knife with a nonslip grip (often made of rubber) and a short, flat, rather dull blade. It’s more for prying than for cutting, and the bluntness helps avoid injury.

    Wrap your nondominant hand in a kitchen towel to protect it, and steady the oyster. Use your dominant hand to pry open the hinge using the oyster knife. “Just barely hold the oyster down,” Matos suggests. “Get the knife in the hinge until it can hold itself up, and then push down a little bit more on the knife and then just twist it, and it’ll pop pretty easily.” It’s never a bad idea to get a few extra oysters just in case you need a dummy or two for practice. And if it turns out you bought a couple more than you needed, that just means more oysters for your lucky crew.

  • Get that butter bubbling. Oysters are small, which means they can go from raw to overcooked quickly. These get topped with a zesty compound butter, which not only adds flavor but provides you with an important guidepost for gauging doneness. “We want all that butter in it bubbling,” Matos counsels. Right when that starts to happen, you should move on to the final step of turning the oven to broil and topping the oysters with Parmesan to give them a crunchy golden crust.

  • Make the most of the butter. Chockablock full of lemon zest, garlic, Parmesan, dried seaweed and chile peppers, it’s awesome on its own. Matos strongly recommends having crusty bread or crackers on hand to sop up all that goodness.

Pairing Tip: Why Grüner Veltliner Works with This Dish

These buttery, briny, herb-flecked oysters call for a white wine that balances fruit flavors with mineral, herb and spice notes, offering a hint of richness to match the weight of the butter and oyster meat. A fuller style of Grüner Veltliner or an Albariño would be ideal; dry Alsace Riesling or white Bordeaux could also work.

Chef’s Pick Knoll Grüner Veltliner Smaragd Wachau Loibner Ried Loibenberg 2017

Wine Spectator Picks Nigl Grüner Veltliner Niederösterreich Freiheit 2017 (92, $20), Bodegas As Laxas Albariño Rias Baixas 2018 (91, $22)

Roasted Oysters with Citrus Garlic Butter

Recipe courtesy of chef Bobby Matos and tested by Wine Spectator’s Rori Kotch


  • 1 teaspoon olive oil
  • 1/2 cup chopped garlic (20–22 medium cloves)
  • 1 pound unsalted butter, cut into 1-inch cubes, at room temperature
  • 1 1/2 cups grated Parmesan cheese, divided use
  • 1/4 cup chopped flat-leaf parsley
  • 3 whole lemons, plus zest and juice of 2 large lemons
  • 4 tablespoons furikake (Japanese seaweed mix), divided use
  • 1 tablespoon togarashi (Japanese chile blend)
  • 1 tablespoon good-quality flaky sea salt
  • 24 raw oysters in their shells, shucked or unshucked (Matos prefers Prestige Selects from Galveston Bay, Texas)
  • Crackers or sliced crusty bread

Special equipment:

  • Oyster knife (if you’re planning to shuck your own oysters)


1. Preheat the oven to 400° F. Heat a saucepan over medium-low and add a teaspoon of olive oil. Add the chopped garlic and cook, stirring occasionally, until just softened and fragrant. Set aside and let cool. In the bowl of a stand mixer fitted with the paddle attachment, beat the butter for approximately 2 minutes, until light and creamy (or stir vigorously in a mixing bowl). Add 1 cup Parmesan cheese along with the sautéed garlic, parsley, zest and juice of 2 lemons, 2 tablespoons furikake, togarashi and sea salt. Mix for approximately 1 minute, until well-combined.

2. Using aluminum foil or rock salt, line a good-quality, heavy sheet pan or casserole dish large enough to hold all of the oysters. If using foil, crinkle it so that the oysters can be nestled into it and secured in place.

3. Halve the 3 lemons. Heat the saucepan used to cook the garlic over high. Add the lemons, cut-side down, and cook until well-charred, 2 to 3 minutes.

4. If you bought whole oysters, rinse and scrub them, then steady an oyster, cupped-side down, with your nondominant hand, using a kitchen towel for grip. With the other hand, gently pry open the hinge using the tip of an oyster knife, then twist and rotate until the hinge pops open. Wipe the blade clean as needed. Taking care not to spill the liquor inside the shell, slice through the muscle that connects the oyster to the top shell. Remove and discard the shell, then sweep the blade between the oyster and the bottom shell to sever the lower muscle.

5. When all the oysters are shucked, top each with 1 to 1 1/2 tablespoons of the compound butter, depending on the size of the oysters, and carefully nestle them at roughly equal height into the rock salt or scrunched-up aluminum foil on the sheet pan. Transfer to oven and roast until the butter is melted and bubbling, about 4 minutes. Remove the pan from the oven and turn oven to broil. Top each oyster with a sprinkling of the remaining 1/2 cup Parmesan cheese and place under the broiler. Cook just until golden-brown, about 2 to 3 minutes.

6. Sprinkle the oysters with the remaining 2 tablespoons furikake and serve the roasted lemons and bread or crackers alongside. Serves 6 to 8 as an appetizer.

Recipes Cooking Pairings Grüner Veltliner

You Might Also Like

8 & $20: Rotisserie Chicken & Greens Pot Pie

8 & $20: Rotisserie Chicken & Greens Pot Pie

Pair this one-skillet twist on a winter classic with a bright white wine

Jan 4, 2023
Welcome in the New Year with Emiko Davies’ Venetian Branzino al Cumino

Welcome in the New Year with Emiko Davies’ Venetian Branzino al Cumino

Emiko Davies’ latest cookbook Cinnamon and Salt traces the importance of Venice’s light …

Dec 30, 2022
Crescent City Celebration

Crescent City Celebration

Commander’s Palace in New Orleans offers a spirited menu steeped in Southern cocktail …

Nov 30, 2022
8 & $20: Chickpea and Root Vegetable Fritters with Dill Yogurt

8 & $20: Chickpea and Root Vegetable Fritters with Dill Yogurt

Put sweet potatoes, carrots or beets to creative use in a hearty meal that pairs well with …

Nov 29, 2022
8 & $20: Crispy Tofu with Peanut Sauce and Riesling

8 & $20: Crispy Tofu with Peanut Sauce and Riesling

Even those who turn their nose up at tofu will crave this crispy, spicy, sweet combination, …

Nov 22, 2022
8 & $20: Roasted Sweet Potatoes with Preserved Lemon Dressing

8 & $20: Roasted Sweet Potatoes with Preserved Lemon Dressing

Give the classic holiday side dish extra flair with a flavorful topping and a festive …

Nov 15, 2022