How many bottles of wine are made from 1 acre of vineyard?

Ask Dr Vinny

Hello there! I'm Dr. Vinifera, but you can call me Vinny. Ask me your toughest wine questions, from the fine points of etiquette to the science of winemaking. And don't worry, I'm no wine snob—you can also ask me those "dumb questions" you're too embarrased to ask your wine geek friends! I hope you find my answers educational, empowering and even amusing. And don't forget to check out my most asked questions and my full archives for all my Q&A classics.

Dear Dr. Vinny,

Here is a simple question that has always intrigued me: How many bottles of wine are made from 1 acre of vineyard? (I know some vineyards have much greater density and yields than others, but just generally speaking, how many bottles?)

—Jason, Austin, Texas

Dear Jason,

You're correct that there are a lot of variables that affect the yield of a vineyard. You have to squish about 600 to 800 grapes to get each bottle of wine (anywhere from three to 10 clusters of grapes, depending on the grapes), but vine spacing, row spacing, vintage conditions, the variety and age of grapes all play a part in how many grapes you get from each acre. Vineyards usually produce anywhere between 2 and 10 tons per acre (though I've heard of both higher and lower yields).

But what does that mean? Well, 1 ton of grapes results in a little more than two barrels of wine. Each barrel contains about 60 gallons, 25 cases or 300 bottles. So 1 ton of grapes yields about 60 cases or 720 bottles. If you put all that together, a very low-yielding vineyard that produces 2 tons per acre makes about 1,440 bottles, or 120 cases, while an acre that yields 10 tons produces about 7,200 bottles, or 600 cases.

—Dr. Vinny

Ask Dr. Vinny

More In Dr. Vinny

Why do prices rise for some wines even after the wine's quality has peaked?

Wine Spectator's expert Dr. Vinny explains the attraction of very old bottles of wine.

Nov 30, 2020

What does it mean when a tasting note refers to the “midpalate”? How do you experience it?

Wine Spectator's expert Dr. Vinny explains how—and when—the midpalate is experienced.

Nov 23, 2020

Is my home wine cellar supposed to smell like wine?

Wine Spectator's expert Dr. Vinny explains possible sources of a wine aroma in a bottle …

Nov 16, 2020

What do you call white wines that have a citrusy, fizzy sensation?

Wine Spectator's expert Dr. Vinny explains the difference between acidity and effervescence.

Nov 13, 2020

Should I be concerned about wine freezing in my car if it’s below freezing outside?

Wine Spectator's expert Dr. Vinny answers questions about freezing wine.

Nov 11, 2020

Do you recommend any wine clubs? Are they good holiday gifts for wine lovers?

Wine Spectator's expert Dr. Vinny offers tips for choosing a wine club.

Nov 9, 2020