Course: Understanding Wine

Class 5: Old World Model: France




In addition to France's AC classification system, a number of regions in France use their own system. Bordeaux’s 1855 Classification is perhaps the world's most famous system.

This classification identified about five dozen châteaus in the Left Bank districts of Médoc, Pessac-Léognan and Graves and sorted them into five quality categories. Based largely on the selling prices of the wines at the time, the 1855 Classification remains a good indication of quality.

The five quality categories are:

First Growths or Premiers Crus
which includes:
Château Lafite-Rothschild in Pauillac
Château Latour in Pauillac
Château Margaux in Margaux
Château Mouton-Rothschild in Pauillac
Château Haut-Brion in Péssac-Leognan

Second Growths or Deuxiemes Crus

Third Growths or Troisiemes Crus

Fourth Growths or Quatriemes Crus

Fifth Growths or Cinquiemes...

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