Course: Understanding Wine
In addition to France's AC classification system, a number of regions in France use their own system. Bordeaux’s 1855 Classification is perhaps the world's most famous system.
This classification identified about five dozen châteaus in the Left Bank districts of Médoc, Pessac-Léognan and Graves and sorted them into five quality categories. Based largely on the selling prices of the wines at the time, the 1855 Classification remains a good indication of quality.
The five quality categories are:
First Growths or Premiers Crus
Château Lafite-Rothschild in Pauillac
Château Latour in Pauillac
Château Margaux in Margaux
Château Mouton-Rothschild in Pauillac
Château Haut-Brion in Péssac-Leognan
Second Growths or Deuxiemes Crus
Third Growths or Troisiemes Crus
Fourth Growths or Quatriemes Crus
Fifth Growths or Cinquiemes...
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