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Wine Spectator School

Course: Bordeaux

Class 1: Bordeaux


In Bordeaux, a number of classification systems help consumers identify top producers.

The first and most famous is the 1855 Classification. It ranked some five-dozen estates in the Médoc and Graves.

Other official classifications cover estates in the region of St.-Emilion and Graves.


1855 Classification

This classification covers the areas of the Médoc and Graves. A total of 61 châteaus were identified and sorted into five quality categories.

Although it was based on prices paid by wine merchants at the time, the 1855 Classification remains a surprisingly accurate measure of quality.

Note that the châteaus are classified, not the land itself. This means that when a château buys more land, the new parcel receives the classification...

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