The northern section of the Médoc is called the Bas Médoc, or "lower Médoc" because it is lower in elevation. The area is also sometimes called the Médoc Maritime or simply the Médoc.
The Bas Médoc is quite rural, with low, flat vineyard sites. Many of the vineyards are separated by damp strips of marsh, which serve as a reminder that most of the Médoc was marshland the Dutch built drainage ditches along the Gironde in the 1600s.
The climate and soils in the Bas Médoc are cooler and damper than they are in the Haut-Médoc. The peninsula narrows between the Atlantic and the Gironde, while the Landes pine forest, which protects the Haut-Médoc...