Beyond deciding on a vineyard location and which variety to plant, grapegrowers make several decisions that influence the quality of the fruit:
Spacing, or how close to plant the vines.
Although more vines per acre cost more to plant and tend, closely-spaced vines are forced to compete for nutrients. This means that each vine produces less fruit, and usually, less fruit per vine means better fruit.
On the other hand, if the vineyard is going to be harvested mechanically, the rows need to be further apart to make room for the tractor.
Training, or shaping the vine's permanent wood or trunk.
In cool regions, vines can be trained low absorb more heat reflected off the ground or they can be trained high to lift the fruit above low-lying...
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