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Wine Spectator School

Course: Bordeaux

Class 3: Beyond the Médoc

South of Bordeaux city
Pessac-Léognan subappellation in northern part
      Created in 1987
      Has 10 communes, including Pessac and Léognan
Graves has 43 communes, including Talence, Martillas, Podensac and Portets
Graves larger than the Médoc, but fewer vineyards and more mixed agriculture
8,000 acres of vine

Graves Means Gravel
Graves means "gravelly area"
Soils in north - gravel, pebbles and rocks
Soils in south - sand and clay increase
Well-drained soils, poor in nutrients - good for high-quality fruit
Bordeaux wines got their start in Graves (made claret for England in 1600s+)

Whites as Well as Reds
40% vineyard acreage in Graves is white grapes
Graves AC and Pessac-Léognan AC can be used for dry white wines and reds
Sweet whites (and some dry...

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