New Zealand is 1,000 miles south-southeast from Australia's across the Tasman Sea.
The country is a pair of narrow islands, North Island and South Island, laid end to end. Together they are as long as California.
Since New Zealand is farther south and therefore cooler than Australia, the wines are consequently less full-bodied and more crisply acidic.
The wine industry has been making high quality wines only since the 1970s, and although whites account for most of its production and its most successful bottlings, reds are improving as well.