Course: Tuscany

Class 1: Tuscany and Sangiovese


TUSCANY PRIMER

Variety and Quality
  • Wine renaissance in Tuscany over the last decade
  • Big change in the 1990's due to improvement in viticulture
  • Modern, fruit-driven wines reflect their origin and terroir
  • Compete with world's greatest wines
Why Tuscany and Sangiovese?
  • Difficult-to-ripen grape, needs sunlight and warmth, but not too much warmth
  • Tuscany's hills optimize light that penetrates vines, altitude cools vines
Climate
  • Long, dry growing season
  • Significant diurnal variation (day vs night temperature differential)
  • Cool nights inland produce perfumed wines with crisp acidity
  • Mediterranean and south, warmer temperatures for riper, more fruit-centered wines
  • Carmignano (and other northern areas) have leaner, crisper, more elegant wines
Geography
  • In north & east, Apennine ridge moderates summer heat
  • Coastal...
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