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Wine Spectator School

Class 9: Winegrowing and Winemaking

review for class 9


The milestones in the vine's year are:

  • Budbreak
  • Flowering
  • Fruit set
  • Veraison
  • Maturity



Some of the main decisions made by the winegrower are:

  • Spacing
  • Training
  • Pruning
  • Trellising
  • Yield
  • Harvest



The main steps in the winemaking process are:

  • Sorting
  • Destemming
  • Alcoholic Fermentation
  • Yeast
  • Temperature of Fermentation
  • Fermentation Container
  • Malolactic Fermentation
  • Pressing
  • Sur Lie Aging
  • Racking, Fining, Filtration
  • Blending, Barrel Aging, Bottling and Bottle Aging



The main steps of méthode champenoise, or méthode traditionnelle, are:

  • Pressing
  • Blending
  • Second Alcoholic Fermentation
  • Sur Lie Aging
  • Riddling
  • Dégorgement
  • Dosage
  • Recorking



Additional Tastings

Focus on tastings that illustrate the influence of winemaking on the flavors, body and character of wines. These flights consider the effects of winemaking factors such as harvest timing, blending and aging.

To get the most out of these examples, the wines should be approximately the same age (except for wines in...

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