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A French term, "cru" generally refers to a vineyard or group of vineyards that have similar characteristics.
The term "cru" is officially codified in some old world countries and regions. In Bordeaux, the highest quality wines are called Premiers Crus and in Burgundy, Grands Crus.
In other countries like Italy, "cru" can simply refer to a single-vineyard bottling that may or may not be classified.
Harvest season when the grapes are picked and crushed.
French, literally "great growth," or the top tier of vineyards and their wines in regions that use the term. For example, in Burgundy, these wines are one step above Premier Cru.
Grand Cru Classé:
French term used to categorize vineyards by quality. In Bordeaux’s Médoc region, for example, five levels of Grand Cru Classé were established in 1855.
An appellation or other designated winegrowing region controlled entirely by one winery. Notable examples include Domaine de la Romanée-Conti's Romanée-Conti and La Tâche grands crus in Burgundy and Château Grillet's Château-Grillet AOC in the Northern Rhône Valley.
French term meaning "monopoly", referring to a vineyard area controlled by a single owner. It is typically and more specifically used in reference to an appellation controlled entirely by one owner, some famous examples of which include Burgundy grands crus Romanée-Conti and La Tâche (both controlled by Domaine de la Romanée-Conti) and the Northern Rhône Valley's Château-Grillet (owned by Château-Grillet).